But very few know its history and memorable events that molded the city to what it is today.
Venice installed its own noblemen to govern the area, for example, Count Filippo Stipanov in Zara. This move by the Venetians was in response to the threatened expansion of Giangaleazzo ViscontiDuke of Milan.
Control over the north-east cross-country routes was also needed to ensure the safety of travelling merchants. ByVenice had a navy of some 3, ships manned by 36, men and had taken over most of Venetia, including such important cities as Verona and Padua.
The difficulties of Hungary allowed the Republic to consolidate its Adriatic dominions. Under doge Francesco Foscari —57 the city reached the height of its power and territorial extent.
In a new war broke out, this time against Filippo Maria Visconti of Milan. The victory at the Battle of Maclodio of Count of Carmagnolacommander of the Venetian army, resulted in the shift of the western border from the Adige to the Adda. However, such territorial expansion was not welcome everywhere in Venice; tension with Milan remained high, and in the Republic had to fight another alliance, formed by Milan, Florence, Bologna, and Cremona.
After an initial Venetian victory under Micheletto Attendolo at Casalmaggiorehowever, Visconti died and a republic was declared in Milan. The Serenissima had then a free hand to occupy Lodi and Piacenzabut was halted by Francesco Sforza ; later, Sforza and the Doge allied to allow Sforza the rule of Milan, in exchange for the cession of Brescia and Vicenza.
Venice, however, again changed side when the power of Sforza seemed to become excessive: At this time, the territories under the Serenissima included much of the modern VenetoFriulithe provinces of Bergamo, Cremona and Trento, as well as RavennaIstria, and Dalmatia.
Eastern borders were with the county of Gorizia and the ducal lands of Austria, while in the south was the Duchy of Ferrara. Oversea dominions included Euboea and Egina. Venetian possessions in the Eastern MediterraneanOn May 29, Constantinople fell to the Ottomans, but Venice managed to maintain a colony in the city and some of the former trade privileges it had had under the Byzantines.
In the Venetian fortress of Argos was ravaged. Venice set up an alliance with Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and attacked the Greek islands by sea and Bulgaria by land. The allies were forced to retreat on both fronts, however, after several minor victories. Operations were reduced mostly to isolated ravages and guerrilla attacks, until the Ottomans moved on a massive counteroffensive in The Venetians sought an alliance with the Shah of Persia and other European powers, but, receiving only limited support, could make only small-scale attacks at AntalyaHalicarnassus and Smirne.
The Ottomans conquered the Peloponnesus and launched an offensive in the Venetian mainland, closing in on the important centre of Udine. The Persians, together with the Caramanian amir, were severely defeated at Terdguin, and the Republic was left alone.
However, the heroic resistance of Scutari under Antonio Loredan forced the Ottomans to retire from Albania, while a revolt in Cyprus gave back the island to the Cornaro family and, subsequently, to the Serenissima On January 24,a treaty of peace was finally signed with the Ottomans.
Venice had to cede Argo, Negroponte, Lemnos and Scutari, and pay an annual tribute of 10, golden ducati. Again alone, the Venetians were defeated in the Veronese by Alfonso of Calabria, but conquered Gallipoliin Apuliaby sea.
The balance was changed by Ludovico Sforza of Milan, who passed on the side of Venice: In spite of the numerous setbacks suffered in the campaign, Venice obtained the Polesine and Rovigoand increased its prestige in the Italian peninsula at the expense of Florence especially.
Despite the setbacks in the struggle against the Turks, at the end of the 15th century, withinhabitants, Venice was the second largest city in Europe after Paris and probably the richest in the world.
Administratively the territory was divided in three main parts: In the same year the Ottoman sultan moved to attack Lepanto by land and sent a large fleet to support the offensive by sea. Antonio Grimanimore a businessman and diplomat than a sailor, was defeated in the sea Battle of Zonchio in The Turks once again sacked Friuli.
Preferring peace to total war against the Turks, Venice surrendered the bases of Lepanto, Modon and Coron. The offensive against the huge army enlisted by Venice was launched from France.
French and Imperial troops were occupying Veneto, but Venice managed to extricate itself through diplomatic efforts. The Apulian ports were ceded in order to come to terms with Spain, and Pope Julius II soon recognized the danger brought by the eventual destruction of Venice then the only Italian power able to face large states like France or Ottoman Turkey.
The citizens of the mainland rose to the cry of "Marco, Marco", and Andrea Gritti recaptured Padua in Julysuccessfully defending it against the besieging Imperial troops. Spain and the pope broke off their alliance with France, and Venice also regained Brescia and Verona from France.
After seven years of ruinous war, the Serenissima regained her mainland dominions up to the Adda.A BRIEF HISTORY OF ITALY. By Tim Lambert. The Etruscans.
A timeline of Italy. A brief history of Malta. A brief history of France. A brief history of Austria. A brief history of Venice. A brief history of the city of Rome. A brief history of Naples.
Home. Last Revised History The early period Origin of the city. Uniquely among Italy’s chief cities, Venice came into being after the fall of the Roman Empire in the West.
The Lombard hordes, whose incursions into northern Italy began in ad , drove great numbers of mainlanders onto the islands of the lagoon, previously the homes of itinerant fishermen and salt . A part of Italy After the Napoleonic period () and the Risorgimento (a failed uprising against the Austrians) the army of Giuseppe Garibaldi began the unification of Italy in , and in Venice became part of the new nation after the 3rd War of Independence.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF FLORENCE, ITALY. By Tim Lambert. Florence in the Middle Ages. The great city of Florence was founded by the Romans in 59 BC. It was a colonia, a settlement for retired soldiers and it was called Florentia. Venice lies on the north-east coast of Italy, and is the capital of Veneto.
Its old architecture and the fact that it is quite literally floating, makes it the mecca for travelers. The entire city consists of almost - islands that make it magnanimous and breathtaking at any time of the day and/or night. venice history: a brief history of venice, italy.
Menù | Main content. benjaminpohle.com April , the I Esposizione Internazionale d'Arte della Città di Venezia (1st International Art Exhibition of the City of Venice) was opened in the presence of the Italian King and Queen, Umberto I and Margherita di Savoia.