Choose words deliberately which match the tone of your speech. If your goal is to ignite polarizing emotions, then choose emotionally charged words as Roosevelt has done. On the other hand, more neutral words would be more appropriate if your goal was to heal wounds. Yesterday the Japanese Government also launched an attack against Malaya.
Text version below transcribed directly from audio. Speaker, Members of the Senate, and of the House of Representatives: Yesterday, December 7th, -- a date which will live in infamy -- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.
The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its government and its emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific.
Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in the American island of Oahu, the Japanese ambassador to the United States and his colleague delivered to our Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American message. And while this reply stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no threat or hint of war or of armed attack.
During the intervening time, the Japanese government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.
The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces. I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost. In addition, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.
Yesterday, the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya. Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.
Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam. Last night, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands. Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island.
And this morning, the Japanese attacked Midway Island. Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area. The facts of yesterday and today speak for themselves. The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation.
As Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense. But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us. No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory.
I believe that I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost, but will make it very certain that this form of treachery shall never again endanger us.
There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger. With confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people, we will gain the inevitable triumph -- so help us God.
I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th,a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese empire.
Eidenmuller, Published by McGraw-Hill 1 Narrowly considered, it is true that the " formal reply " contained no formal declaration of war, or, definitively expressed statements of actionable immanent hostility. However, within a wider geopolitical context, and from the apparent perspective of key actors within the Japanese government, the perceived threat posed by the U.
See, for example, this useful timeline and commentary from the Japan Center for Asian Historical Records. MassachusettsHamilton Fish Rep.In July the United States, after a decade of worsening economic relations, announced a total embargo against Japan. The embargo had actually begun in with a so-called moral embargo under which U.S.
exports of planes and war material to Japan were barred. Record copy of the published Index to Records of the United States Strategic Bombing Survey, June Microfilm Publications: M Photographs ( images): USSBS directors and staff; military officials in Japan and England; and USSBS installations in England, Germany, and Japan, (A).
U. S. Strategic Bombing Survey: The Effects of the Atomic Bombings THE AND OFFICE 19 June UNITED STATES STRATEGIC SURVEY THE EFFECTS OF THE ATOMIC HIRCSHIMA AND NAGASAKI CHAIRMAN'S 19 June OFF ICB to be used In connection with attacka on Japan and to a for evaluatLng the importance and Of poner an instrument of gtretew, for.
Enlargement Audio ( MB, Real Audio) Mr. Vice President, and Mr. Speaker, and Members of the Senate and House of Representatives: Yesterday, December 7, -- a date which will live in infamy -- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.
Strategic bombing during World War II was the sustained aerial attack on railways, harbours, cities, workers' housing, and industrial districts in enemy territory during World War II.
Strategic bombing is a military strategy which is distinct from both close air support of ground forces and tactical air power.. During World War II, it was believed by many military strategists of air power that. United States Japan: The Bombing of Tokyo 東京大空襲, Tōkyōdaikūshū) often refers to a series of firebombing air raids by the United States Army Air Forces during the Pacific campaigns of Location: Tokyo, Japan.