The first major foreign crisis for the United States after the end of the Cold War presented itself in August Saddam Hussein, the dictator of Iraq, ordered his army across the border into tiny Kuwait. This was no ordinary act of aggression. The United States had provided massive military aid to Iraq during their eight-year war with Iran, giving them the fourth largest army in the world.
By January the allied coalition against Iraq had reached a strength oftroops, includingU. Saddam steadfastly refused to withdraw Iraqi forces from Kuwait, however, which he maintained would remain a province of Iraq.
Operation Desert Sabrea massive allied ground offensive, was launched northward from northeastern Saudi Arabia into Kuwait and southern Iraq on February 24, and within three days Arab and U. Meanwhile, the main U. By the time that U. President George Bush declared a cease-fire for February 28, Iraqi resistance had completely collapsed.
M1A1 Abrams main battle tanks of the U. Department of Defense There are no official figures for the Iraqi military operation. Estimates of the number of Iraqi troops in the Kuwait theatre range fromto , and estimates of Iraqi military deaths range from 8, toThe allies, by contrast, lost about troops in the conflict.
Pending complete complianceeconomic sanctions would continue. As the other allies gradually left the coalition, U. Iraq thereafter refused to readmit inspectors into the country, and regular exchanges of fire between Iraqi forces and U. In the United States sponsored a new UN resolution calling for the return of weapons inspectors, who then reentered Iraq in November.
Member states of the UN Security Council, however, differed in their opinion of the degree to which Iraq had cooperated with inspections. Bush —seeking no further UN endorsement—issued an ultimatum demanding that Saddam step down from power and leave Iraq within 48 hours or face war; he even suggested that if Saddam did leave Iraq, U.
When Saddam refused to leave, U.
F flying over burning Kuwaiti oil wells set alight by retreating Iraqi troops during Operation Desert Storm, August 1, Department of Defense Learn More in these related Britannica articles:The first Allied prisoners of war are released (Mar.
Official cease-fire accepted and signed (April 6). , U.S. forces served in Operation Desert Storm.
There were a total of U.S. battle deaths during the Gulf War, nonbattle deaths, and wounded in action. Controversial Issues: Justifying the Persian Gulf War On January 16, the Gulf War had officially started, and for good reason.
In August of , Saddam Hussein sent armies to . The Persian Gulf War (2 August – 28 February ), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August – 17 January ) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January – 28 February ) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 34 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to .
The Persian Gulf War: A Case Study in Just War Theory Laurence W. Jones The Divinity School: L Introduction and Background Material The Gulf War and the White House IL A Brief History of Just War Theory ffl. Just War Theory and the Debate Over the Gulf War A.
The Debate Over Just Cause B. The Debate Over Right Intention. The Western powers were happy to let the war go on, using Iraq to block any Iranian take-over of the Gulf region.
When, however, Iran began to attack shipping in the Gulf in , the West was forced to send its own taskforce of warships and warplanes to the area to protect the free flow of its oil supplies.
The war is also known under other names, such as the Persian Gulf War, First Gulf War, Gulf War I, Kuwait War, First Iraq War or Iraq War, before the term "Iraq .