Religion- Assess the extent to which Marxist and feminist theories help our understanding of religion in society today Theory and Methods- Analyze the contribution of interactionist theory and research to our understanding of society today Crime- Assess the usefulness of conflict theories for an understanding of crime and deviance Basically what I do is give an example of when they are usefull supported by a sociological study then an example of when they are useless supported by a sociological study and repeat EG. Religion - Marxism useful for showing how religion may prevent social change and maintain the capitalist system Useless for showing how religion may play a role in creating social cohesion and a collective conscious use Durkheim or Parsons. Would use Charles Murray from the New Right. Conflict theories useless to explain why certain individuals comitt deviant act of sucide could use Durkheim.
Functionalist VS Marxist Although sociology is a recently developed field of study, the advancement of the study is progressing rapidly. Sociological theories are ways sociologists explain society and its mega structure.
The structural conflict and structural consensus theories are inevitable chapters of sociology. With some similarities, these two theories have different ideologies and ways of explaining the society.
In this essay, the similarities and differences will be compared and contrasted. Functionalism, the structural consensus sociological theory is a key theory that was developed by Emile Durkheim, one of the founding fathers of sociology. This theory sees society as a mega structure of inter-related social institutions such as schools and the legal system that is in constant consensus.
It also touches on functional prerequisites for the survival of a society and anomie, an idea by Durkheim which describes a normless state in society. Marxism, the structural conflict sociological theory is a very significant chapter in sociology. It was founded by Karl Marx who believed strongly in communism.
Marxism is understood as the theory and practice of working class self-emancipation. This theoretical and political tradition is radically different from the way Marxism is generally described by both critics and many 'adherents' who identify Marxism with the repressive state capitalist regimes that used to dominate Russia and eastern Europe and still hold sway in China, North Korea, Vietnam and Cuba.
The similarities of both contrasting structural theories are only exterior resemblances and have no associations with the ideas behind them. Firstly, both sociological theories are macro theories.
The focus of both theories studies the society as a whole and in a large-scale manner. Other than that, analogies are used in both theories to explain the social structure. Functionalism uses the human body as an analogy that describes how all the organs in the body are vital and work together for survival.
On the other hand, Marxism uses the building analogy to show how the economy is the base of all aspects in society and how the superstructure develops according to how the economy develops.
Furthermore, Functionalism and Marxism are sociological theories developed in Europe. Other than the exterior factors, both sociological theories have nothing else in common and often contradict each other.
The main ideologies of the structural consensus and structural conflict theory stand parallel to each other and can never come to an agreeing point. Functionalists believe that collective conscious comes from socialization.
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In contrast, Marxism spoke on the conflict of interest within the society itself. The bourgeoisie wants monopolization and more riches to themselves which will result in the tyrant exploitation of proletariats while the proletariats want more wages and fair working hours.
To sum up, Functionalism spoke on how all individuals in society is in consensus with the social order and social rules whereas Marxism touches on the subject of how conflict is within the society.
Another key concept in Functionalism and Marxism can be compared which is the theory of social equilibrium by Talcott Parsons and the theory of dialectical materialism by Joseph Dietzgen.
In sociology, a system is said to be social equilibrium when there is a dynamic working balance among its interdependent parts.
Each subsystem will adjust to any change in the other subsystems and will continue to do so until equilibrium is retained.
The process of achieving equilibrium will only work if the changes happen slowly, but for rapid changes it would throw the social system into chaos, unless and until a new equilibrium can be reached.
Dialectical materialism contradicts the social equilibrium theory by stating how the economic base and conflict is the root of all change in society. Dietzgen believed that the economy influences change on all other social institutions and all change as the product of a constant conflict between opposites arising from the internal contradictions inherent in all events, ideas, and movements.
In short, the concept of social equilibrium is about how all aspects of society works together as a whole to maintain the balance when change happens and the concept of dialectical materialism challenges it by declaring how conflict and the economy inflicts social change.Assess the usefulness of Marxist theories in understanding religion today In society today, there are many theories and ideals to what religion is, why it is used and how Words 4 Pages.
“Functionalist theories are overly deterministic and ignore the extent of conflict and division in society - Assess the usefulness of functionalist contributions to our understanding of society.” 33 Marks “Assess the notion that Marxist views are no longer relevant to our understanding of society” 33 Marks.
Jan 11, · Assessing the usefulness of subcultural theories in understanding crime and deviance There are a number of sociological theories, which attempt to understand the cause for crime and deviance. Subcultural theorists hold the idea that there is nothing "wrong" with criminals and those who commit deviant acts.
pression of the s in the United States to assess the strengths and usefulness of these theories in any depth it is necessary to identify In any discussion of neo-Marxist theories of the capitalist state, Marxist instrumentalisms are the place to begin, for they have been. CHAPTER. 6. Critical Theories: Marxist, Conflict, and Feminist.
At the heart of the theories in this chapter is social stratification by class and power, and they. Assess the Usefulness of Marxism and Other Conflict Theories of Our Understanding of Society. Words | 9 Pages.
Assess the usefulness of Marxism and other conflict theories of our understanding of society. Marxism is a useful conflict theory in helping us to understand why there was obedience, particularly in the past in society.