These parenting styles are meant to describe normal variations in parenting, not deviant parenting, such as might be observed in abusive homes. The three styles[ edit ] Authoritative[ edit ] The parent is demanding and responsive. When this style is systematically developed, it grows to fit the descriptions propagative parenting and concerted cultivation.
What is Evolutionary Parenting? Understanding how we evolved to parent. The longer answer is that it is a philosophy surrounding parenting that involves biology, history, neuroscience, anthropology, and developmental psychology.
We as humans have evolved in a particular manner, and the parent-child relationship is no different. Children, especially babies, expect certain behaviours from their caregivers and research is starting to understand both how deviations from these expectations affect child development and the bidirectional nature of the child-parent relationship.
Of course, not all people can or want to parent our children based on their biology. In this realm, Evolutionary Parenting focuses on the idea that anytime we deviate from a known biological norm, we should have good reason and try to mimic biological processes as much as possible in order to minimize disruptions to later outcomes and child well-being.
In addition to the philosophy, Evolutionary Parenting is about understanding and integrating research into our decision making process. Thus, summarizing and integrating research is an essential part of Evolutionary Parenting, with a clear focus on discussing the quality of individual pieces of research and how it aligns with the philosophy outlined above.
You can read more on what is Evolutionary Parenting here.
Subscribe to our weekly Newsletter:According to a literature review by Christopher Spera (), Darling and Steinberg () suggest that it is important to better understand the differences between parenting styles and parenting practices: "Parenting practices are defined as specific behaviors that parents use to socialize their children", while parenting style is "the emotional climate in which parents raise their children".
From talking and reading to infants to making values clear (best done in conversations around the dinner table), parents exert enormous influence over their children's development.
Authoritative parenting styles tend to result in children who are happy, capable, and successful. Permissive parenting often results in children who rank low in happiness and self-regulation.
These children are more likely to experience problems with authority and tend to perform poorly in school. The following teaching resources were created by those who teach Developmental Psychology or a related topic.
Every resource is designed to help instructors make their classes as engaging and thought provoking as possible.
Permissive parenting is characterized by parents who are responsive to their children, but lack rules and discipline. How does this impact children?
Dr. Tracy Cassels is the director of Evolutionary Parenting, a resource she founded in after the birth of her daughter Maddy. It began whilst she was in graduate school and has continued and grown as she completed her PhD and moved towards more direct work with parents and families.