At the top of your report you should also include the date and your name the author and the name of any collaborators if there were any.
At the top of your report you should also include the date and your name the author and the name of any collaborators if there were any. Aim or Abstract Aim - The aim section should describe what the purpose of the biology or chemistry experiment is in no more than two or three sentences.
This is fine for most reports for high school up to GCSE level. Abstract - As you begin to study at a higher level i. This is a summary in one paragraph of the entire work including results and conclusion. In academic publications the abstract is useful as it allows others to quickly judge if your work is relevant and of interest to them and warrant more detailed reading.
It provides a similar role to the summarised content you find on the back cover of a book. The most difficult aspect in writing an abstract is trying to summarise a long and complex report in a short paragraph without leaving out anything important. Include relevant previous work done by yourself or others.
Scientific Hypothesis Your science experiment hypothesis should be clear and be in the form of a question that you want to find the answer to. Ideally the question should have a yes or no answer. For example in a chemistry practical the following hypothesis may apply: Once you know what data you need that helps in the experimental design.
So as you can see the hypothesis is the foundation around which your report should be designed and built. From the science experimental data you obtain if the experiment is well planned and carried out you should be able to say if the hypothesis has been either supported or not in your conclusion section.
Method Your science practical method should include a list of the equipment and the method used. As already mentioned above, try to write your method in the the past tense ie you are describing something you have already carried out and avoid personal pronouns I, we, you, he, she etc.
As an example "Four test tubes were labelled 1 to 4" is better than "You will need to label four test tubes 1 to 4" or "We labelled four test tubes 1 to 4". This is quite tricky at first but you get the hang of it once you have written a few reports.
Your method must be detailed enough for others to follow and repeat your work if required but should NOT be written in a style as if it is a series of instructions for others. Again quite tricky until you get the knack.
The reproducibility of results by others is one of the cornerstones of the scientific method. Science Experiment Results Your science experimental results section should be well presented and include your data in table and graphical form. Any calculations you used on your data including statistical tests if required should also be in this section.
Presentation is everything and all graphs should have a title and all axis should be labelled. Do not scale your graphs so that they fill the entire page and butt right up against the margin a pet hate of mine.
It is better to divide your scale by two and have a smaller half sized graph in the centre of the page. If you use this approach you may be able to fit more than one graph per page allowing the reader to review your graphical data and spot trends more easily. If the graphs are on separate pages then they have to flip back and forth between them.
You need to choose the correct type of graph for the data you are presenting. A histogram is ideal for comparing two groups whilst a line graph is better for showing how enzyme activity varies with temperature.
You must resist the temptation to make any comments on your results in the results section. That is what the conclusion section is for. An experienced scientist will, by looking at the your results, be formulating their own conclusions based on your data and you should not influence your reader by including your own thoughts and comments here.
Once the reader has reviewed your data and maybe come up with their own conclusion they can then move on to the conclusion section and see if your conclusion and theirs agree.Learn and revise how to structure and write an essay response to a non-fiction text with this BBC Bitesize GCSE English Language (AQA) study guide.
The content of a personal letter will depend very much on the purpose of the task. You may be asked to write a letter to - describe an event, Revision tips from GCSE Bitesize .
How to write a recount. Write your recount in the first person because it happened to you!
Eg "I felt excited." Use the past tense because it has already happened. Useful as either an introduction to writing a response to a fiction extract or as a revision activity. Having explored a text extract and considered a question on it, watch the clip for tips on how to plan the extended written response.
Reports. It is likely that you will have to write a report on a survey that you carry out. This will need to be a multi-page document including some or all of the sections described below: Title page - a page with the title of your report, your name and the date.
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