Asia Poor preparedness caused flood disaster in India Months of flooding in six Indian states have caused huge economic losses and heaped misery on the millions of people.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Disaster preparedness is an important preventive strategy for protecting health and mitigating adverse health effects of unforeseen disasters. A multi-site based ethnic minority project — is set up to examine health and disaster preparedness related issues in remote, rural, disaster prone communities in China.
The primary objective of this reported study is to examine if previous disaster experience significantly increases household disaster preparedness levels in remote villages in China. A cross-sectional, household survey was conducted in January in Gansu Province, in a predominately Hui minority-based village.
Factors related to disaster preparedness were explored using quantitative methods. Two focus groups were also conducted to provide additional contextual explanations to the quantitative findings of this study.
The village household response rate was Of note, for households with members who had non-communicable diseases, 9. This is the first study that examined disaster preparedness in an ethnic minority population in remote communities in rural China. Our results indicate the need of disaster mitigation education to promote preparedness in remote, resource-poor communities.
Disaster preparedness, Extreme poverty household, Ethnic minority, Rural and remote communities, China Background Disaster preparedness is an important disaster mitigation strategy to protect human lives for adverse human health impact of unforeseen disasters.
Although studies indicated that degree of disaster preparedness in urban population of high income countries was positively associated with previous disaster exposure [ 7 ], little is known regarding remote populations, particularly those living in rural communities [ 4 ].
Previous studies indicated that rural residents were found to be more vulnerable, had a higher likelihood of receiving inadequate housing and were less able to manage a chronic ailment after an earthquake [ 89 ]. Although these findings indicated that greater attention to pre-disaster preparedness and health services may be needed in rural communities, there are few published studies that investigate the predictors of disaster preparedness in remote, resource poor communities.
China is the most natural disaster-prone country globally [ 5 ]. A multi-site based ethnic minority project — is set up by an international disaster research collaboration which seeks to identify cost-effective strategies for improving resilience to natural disasters and health risk in remote, rural and disaster prone communities in China [ 2 ].
The Chinese Hui population, a Muslim ethnic minority group, resides in the Northwest area of China in the high plateau of the Yellow river. Sincethis Hui region has been studied by the research team.
This geographic area of the study site is known for its high risk to multitude large number of natural disasters, ranging from rainstormsextreme snowstormsearthquakescommunity firesdrought and flooding The main objective for this study is to examine if previous disaster experience significantly increases household preparedness levels in an ethnic minority community residing in a remote, resource-poor area of China.
Methods A cross-sectional, cluster sampling, face-to-face household-based survey was conducted in Datan Village, Gansu province between 3rd and 9th Jan Two focus group were also conducted to provide additional contextual explanations to the quantitative findings of this study. Data Collection Tools The data collection tools include disaster preparedness questionnaire and focus group questions.
The content validity of the survey questions was developed based on literature review and qualitative interviews at previous study result of the focus group studies in Ethnic Minority Health Project [ 2 ]. The survey intends to explore key information required to understand level of disaster preparedness.
The study questionnaire had been language translation Chinese—English—Chinese and the final questionnaire was piloted and tested by the principal investigators on potential participants and revised accordingly. Disaster Preparedness Questionnaire A disaster preparedness questionnaire collected information from four main areas.
Were you worried during the disaster? Do you have a readily available disaster emergency kit?
Have you ever received tetanus vaccination before? Do you have emergency medicines available at home? Do you have enough money or resources to buy the medications that you need?
The study tool was tested and validated with local population. Focus Group Questions Semi-structured guided questions were used for focus group investigation. The general context of the study site, such as physical, mental and social health, access to materials and health services were asked. Data Collection Data was collected using cluster sampling method.
Upon arrival to the health talk, participants were invited to participate in the study. All participants were ensured about their right to attend the health talk even if they decided not to join the study, had the right to leave the study anytime and all questionnaires were anonymous.
For those who agreed to join the study, survey forms were distributed. Study participants would then be interviewed individually and survey was filled out by one of the five trained research team members through the language support of three local translators.THE IMPACTS OF NATURAL DISASTERS ON THE POOR: A BACKGROUND NOTE preparedness and response systems.
"Natural" disasters need not occur. B Why do "natural" disasters affect poor people and rich people differently?
First, experience shows that poverty is a major factor in increasing disaster vulnerability.
How to Prepare for a Natural Disaster – Emergency Preparedness Plan. By Heather Levin Posted in: Food & Drink, Americans are still quite poor at preparing for these disasters.
Many of us really believe that it can’t happen to us. natural health, parenting, and green living. She lives in the mountains of Western North Carolina with. Natural disasters and poor preparedness Zambia, Drought induced crop failures have been the most common disasters experienced in Zambia, but floods, crop and livestock diseases also occur.
2 Responses to “Vulnerability and Emergency Preparedness in Low-Income Communities” Tyler Mulligan October 18, Emergency or disaster planning is one of the tactics discussed in the School of Government web tool, Building Assets for the Rural Future: A . The impact of disasters on the poor can, in addition to loss of life, injury and damage, cause a total loss of livelihoods, displacement, poor health, food insecurity, among other consequences.
Climate change and exposure to natural hazards threaten to derail international efforts to eradicate poverty by (Shepard et al., ).
Natural disasters and poor preparedness. Drought induced crop failures have been the most common disasters experienced in Zambia, but floods, crop and livestock diseases also occur.