Edit After major defeats in Normandy in July and August,remnants of German forces withdrew across the Low Countries and eastern France towards the German border by the end of August. Pattonmoved eastward towards the Saar. Devers was advancing towards Germany after their landings in southern France.
The job of the corps was to follow the planes on the ground in their trucks and tanks. When the planes flew above them the Allies started firing on the Germans ahead.
The American and British gliders hit the target spot on, quickly grouped up got their equipment and started moving towards the bridges that were designated to them. The road on which the XXX crops were traveling toward the bridges was quite narrow, it was wide enough for two vehicles and the road was guarded by small German infantry units.
The leading vehicles were quickly taken out and that lead to a complete standstill of the column. After about 40 minutes they started moving again but the Germans quickly organized against the airborne troops.
Surprisingly one of the battalions found a way to Arnhem through the German perimeter and sure enough on the first day they captured the northern part of a bridge that lead across the Rhine. At this point the Americans also made their way to their objectives but before they had a chance to capture them the bridges were destroyed.
At the same time the Germans made preparations at Arnhem to take the battle to the British paratroopers. On the second day the XXX corps started to make real progress.
Their tanks moved 20 miles in just a few hours and they met the Americans close to Grave and there was a bridge, still standing waiting for them. On the third day of Operation Market Garden they reached Nijmegen where the Americans fought their way through the city in hopes of reaching the bridges at the river Waal.
This decision would end up being extremely costly for them. The survivors of the crossing made it onto the far banks and from there stormed Nijmegen bridge.
Finally the route to Arnhem was controlled by the Allies. By this point it was too late for the British troops at the north side of the bridge.
The Germans moved their tanks into the town and destroyed the houses where the British were hiding. The Allies had to abandon their positions at the bridge and fight their way out. By now the Germans had control of the river and it was decided that the British survivors should be evacuated but only 2, survived the crossing.
Operation Market Garden was a complete failure and it would take another four months until the Allies would cross the Rhine and capture the heartland of the German industry.Seventy years on, Operation Market-Garden remains one of the controversial moments of World War II, a daring armor and airborne thrust into German-occupied Holland.
Operation Market Garden was an unsuccessful World War II military operation fought in the Netherlands from 17 to 25 September , planned and predominantly led by the British benjaminpohle.com objective was a series of nine bridges that could have provided an Allied invasion route into Germany.
Airborne and land forces succeeded in the liberation of the Dutch cities of Eindhoven and Nijmegen, . Battle of Arnhem; Part of Operation Market Garden: Aerial reconnaissance photo of the Arnhem road bridge taken by the Royal Air Force on 19 September, showing signs of the British defence on the northern ramp and wrecked German vehicles from the previous day's fighting.
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Operation Market Garden was an Allied operation during the Second World War that lasted from the 17th to the 25th September It was aimed against the.