The son of an artisan, Magsaysay was a schoolteacher in the provincial town of Iba on the island of Luzon. Though most Philippine political leaders were of Spanish descent, Magsaysay was of Malay stock, like most of the common people. After serving as a guerrilla leader on Luzon during World War IIhe was appointed military governor of his home province, Zambales, when the United States recaptured the Philippines.
He served two terms —50 as a Liberal Party congressman for Zambales, his first experience in politics. Magsaysay then carried out until one of the most successful antiguerrilla campaigns in modern history. Realizing that the Huks could not survive without popular support, he strove to win the trust of the peasants by offering land and tools to those who came over to the government side and by insisting that army units treat the people with respect.
Reforming the army, he dismissed corrupt and incompetent officers and emphasized mobility and flexibility in combat operations against the guerrillas.
Although Magsaysay was a Liberal, the Nacionalista Party successfully backed him for the presidency against Quirino in the elections, winning the support of Carlos P. Romulowho had organized a third party.
Magsaysay promised reform in every segment of Philippine life, but he was frustrated in his efforts by a conservative congress that represented the interests of the wealthy. Despite initial support of Congress in JulyMagsaysay was unable to pass effective land-reform legislation; government indifference to the plight of the peasants then undid most of his good work in gaining the support of the people against the Huks.
Nevertheless, he remained extremely popular and had a well-deserved reputation for incorruptibility. In foreign policyMagsaysay remained a close friend and supporter of the United States and a vocal spokesman against communism during the Cold War.
Before the expiration of his term as president, Magsaysay was killed in an airplane crash; he was succeeded by the vice president, Carlos P. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:In April , the Ramon Magsaysay Award was established by the trustees of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF) based in New York City.
Conceived by John D. Rockefeller III, the award was created to commemorate President Ramon Magsaysay and to perpetuate his . Curricular programs that will reach – grand mean will immediately undergo the first level visit after six months, – grand mean will occur its FLV after a year, below will eventually repeat the preliminary survey visit for a breakthrough.
Ramon Magsaysay: Ramon Magsaysay, president of the Philippines (–57), best known for successfully defeating the communist-led Hukbalahap (Huk) movement. The son of an artisan, Magsaysay was a schoolteacher in the provincial town of Iba on the island of Luzon.
Though most Philippine political leaders were of.
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