Analysts typically use these methods to identify and measure discrimination that occurs at a certain point in time within a specific domain. In this chapter, we observe that important effects of prior discrimination may be missed with these methods.
Advanced Search Abstract Youth justice is an important public health issue. There is growing recognition of the need to adopt effective, evidence-based strategies for working with young offenders. Music interventions may be particularly well suited to addressing risk factors in young people and reducing juvenile crime.
This systematic review of international research seeks to contribute to the evidence base on the impact of music making on the health, well-being and behaviour of young offenders and those considered at risk of offending.
It examines outcomes of music making identified in quantitative research and discusses theories from qualitative research that might help to understand the impact of music making in youth justice settings.
Youth offending makes up a disproportionate amount of all crime in many countries Puzzanchera, ; Australian Institute of Criminology, ; National Audit Office, and young offenders are more likely to re-offend than adults National Audit Office, Beyond the self-evident health risks associated with criminal behaviours such as substance abuse, the interrelations between health, well-being and behaviour in offenders are complex Shepherd et al.
Early contact with the criminal justice system is recognized as a predictor of later premature mortality Stattin and Romelsjo, An Australian cohort study found the risk of death in young male offenders to be nine times higher than for the general population; female offenders may be as much as 40 times more likely to die than the reference population Coffey et al.
A key area of risk is that of injury: The factors that predict poor health outcomes in this group are difficult to separate from those leading to offending behaviour, with explanations for the associations between health and crime focusing on early life experiences and parental influences that generate poor social control and affect later mental health and behaviour Shepherd et al.
This suggests that holistic interventions that provide pro-social experiences for young offenders are needed both to reduce offending and to improve health outcomes.
There is growing recognition of the need to adopt effective, evidence-based strategies for working with young offenders and those considered at-risk of offending Bittman et al. These young people present complex health and social needs arising from experiences of emotional trauma, violence and abuse, drug and alcohol misuse, peer pressure and gang-related activities, poor parenting, family rejection and lack of structured home environments Lader et al.
Additionally, young people in justice settings show high levels of educational underachievement, learning disability, school truancy and exclusion Youth Justice Board, ; Anderson and Overy, Effective measures to improve health and well-being, reduce offending and encourage re-integration into society in this group may need to address deeper social, emotional and educational needs as well as tackle inequalities and social exclusion.
There is increasing recognition of the potential role of arts in the resettlement of offenders Miles, ; Ruiz, ; Wrench and Clarke, ; de Viggiani et al.
Music may be particularly well suited to addressing risk factors in young people and reducing juvenile crime Ruiz, ; Baker and Homan, Music occupies a special place in adolescence, with musical subcultures representing a powerful resource for the development of identity and values Miranda and Claes, Music interventions with young people seek to improve health and behavioural outcomes by providing positive social experiences as well as addressing problematic attitudes and perceptions Wilson et al.
Hence music interventions are seen as a means of building resilience and supporting well-being at the same time as preventing delinquency de Carlo and Hockman, In this way, they seek to promote identity development in young people by providing positive opportunities and resources at the same time as distracting from negative influences and crime.
While a growing number of music interventions seek to deliver health and behavioural outcomes for young people in justice settings, evaluating such interventions, which are often disparate, small scale and short-lived, is challenging Miles and Clarke, This evidence review seeks to add to the knowledge base on the effects of music-based work by providing an up-to-date synthesis of published research and evaluation of music projects targeting young people who have come into contact with youth justice systems.
Assessing The Strengths And Limitations Of Crimes Criminology Essay. Print Reference this I will be assessing the strengths and limitations of using social surveys to investigate fear of crime. Another type of social survey is structured interviews. The strengths are that the researcher can explore in depth a particular . Patton () identifies three basic types of qualitative interviewing for research or evaluation: the informal conversational interview, the interview guide approach, and the . Using material from Item C and elsewhere, assess the strengths and limitations of using group interviews as a means of investigating young offenders (15 marks). Assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of society (33 marks).
The question guiding the review is: What is the evidence surrounding the impact of music making on the well-being, health and behaviour of young offenders? METHODS The systematic review was undertaken between March and Julyand involved several stages including literature searching, relevance screening, critical appraisal, data extraction and narrative reporting of findings.
The full search was undertaken between 4th and 8th April and generated hits, including 8 duplicates.Assessing The Strengths And Limitations Of Crimes Criminology Essay.
Print Reference this I will be assessing the strengths and limitations of using social surveys to investigate fear of crime. Another type of social survey is structured interviews. The strengths are that the researcher can explore in depth a particular .
Using material from Item C and elsewhere, assess the strengths and limitations of using group interviews as a means of investigating young offenders (15 marks). Assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of society (33 marks).
It also describes the strengths and weaknesses of police departments submitting Uniform Crime Report (UCR) data to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), it is impossible for each of the officers in each of the departments to use the same exact criteria b).
Offenders arrested for rape in were predominantly young, . Young offenders were significantly less likely to be reconvicted within one year than were offenders in the control group. This was true for HIT successes and HIT non .
Ethics and in-depth interviews: literature review 5 55, 65, 66, 70, 74]. Interviews can delve into areas unanticipated at the outset. Furthermore, there is a danger of voyeurism and the. ures, clinical or case studies, and ethnographies of the life circumstances of a specific group of benjaminpohle.com you read about these methods, you may find it helpful to refer to Table , which summarizes the strengths and limitations of each.