Health risks Mushrooms are classified as vegetables in the food world, but they are not technically plants. They belong to the fungi kingdom. Although they are not vegetables, mushrooms provide several important nutrients.
Edible mushroom species have been found in association with 13,year-old archaeological sites in Chile. The Chinese value mushrooms for supposed medicinal properties as well as for food.
Ancient Romans and Greeksparticularly the upper classes, used mushrooms for culinary purposes. Mushrooms are cultivated in at least 60 countries  with China, the United States, Netherlands, France and Poland being the top five producers in A fraction of the many fungi consumed by humans are currently cultivated and sold commercially.
Commercial cultivation is important ecologically, as there have been concerns of depletion of larger fungi such as chanterelles in Europe, possibly because the group has grown popular, yet remains a challenge to cultivate.
Commercially cultivated Japanese edible mushroom species - clockwise from left, enokitakebuna-shimeji, bunapi-shimejiking oyster mushroom and shiitake Agaricus bisporus dominates the edible mushroom market in North America and Europe, in several forms.
It is an edible basidiomycete mushroom native to grasslands in Europe and North America. As it ages, this mushroom turns from small, white and smooth to large and light brown. In its youngest form, it is known as the 'common mushroom', 'button mushroom', 'cultivated mushroom', and 'champignon mushroom'.
Its fully mature form is known as 'portobello'. Its semi-mature form is known variously as 'cremini', 'baby-bella', 'Swiss brown' mushroom, 'Roman brown' mushroom, 'Italian brown' mushroom, or 'chestnut' mushroom.
Volvariella volvaceathe paddy straw mushroom or straw mushroom. Flammulina velutipesthe Enoki mushroom. Tremella fuciformisthe snow fungus, snow ear, silver ear fungus, and white jelly mushroom. Hypsizygus tessellatus aka Hypsizygus marmoreus, the beech mushroom, also known in its white and brown varieties as Bunapi-shimeji and Buna-shimeji, respectively Commercially harvested wild edibles[ edit ] Some species are difficult to cultivate; others particularly mycorrhizal species have not yet been successfully cultivated.
Some of these species are harvested from the wild, and can be found in markets. When in season they can be purchased fresh, and many species are sold dried as well. The following species are commonly harvested from the wild: Boletus edulis or edible Boletus, native to Europe, known in Italian as fungo porcino plural 'porcini' pig mushroomin German as Steinpilz stone mushroomin Russian as Russian: It also known as the king bolete, and is renowned for its delicious flavor.
It is sought after worldwide, and can be found in a variety of culinary dishes.
Cantharellus cibarius The chanterelleThe yellow chanterelle is one of the best and most easily recognizable mushrooms, and can be found in Asia, Europe, North America and Australia. There are poisonous mushrooms which resemble it, though these can be confidently distinguished if one is familiar with the chanterelle's identifying features.
Gyromitra esculentathis " false morel " is prized by the Finns. This mushroom is deadly poisonous if eaten raw, but highly regarded when parboiled see below. Hericium erinaceusa tooth fungus ; also called "lion's mane mushroom" Hydnum repandumSweet tooth fungus, hedgehog mushroom or hedgehog fungus, urchin of the woods Lactarius deliciosusSaffron milk cap, consumed around the world and prized in Russia Morchella species, morel family morels belong to the ascomycete grouping of fungi.
They are usually found in open scrub, woodland or open ground in late spring. When collecting this fungus, care must be taken to distinguish it from the poisonous false morelsincluding Gyromitra esculenta.
The morel must be cooked before eating.Find mushroom recipes, videos, and ideas from Food Network. To enjoy a portabella mushroom, clean it, remove the stem, and marinate it a mixture of olive oil, onion, garlic, and vinegar for an hour. Then place under a . Mushroom definition is - an enlarged complex aboveground fleshy fruiting body of a fungus (such as a basidiomycete) that consists typically of a stem bearing a pileus; especially: one that is edible.
To enjoy a portabella mushroom, clean it, remove the stem, and marinate it a mixture of olive oil, onion, garlic, and vinegar for an hour. Then place under a hot grill for 10 minutes. The Pioppino mushroom (agrocybe aegerita) is an easy to grow mushroom that that thrives on supplemen..
$ Add to Cart Add to Wish List Compare this Product. Golden Oyster Mushroom Liquid Culture Syringe. Golden Oyster mushrooms (pleurotus . MUSHROOMS What is a Mushroom? Mushroom Facts Mushroom Information and Educational Projects with Mushrooms "Being able to grow your own can be satisfying in the financial and taste sense.
Fresh, home grown mushrooms are delicious and fun to grow. Children especially love seeing the mushroom growing process from beginning to end.